Fish Farming & Recirculating Aquaculture Systems

As stated earlier on traditional methods of fishing will be difficult to automate and as such will be abandoned in primarily in favour of recirculating aquaculture systems.Recirculating aquaculture systems range in size from small aquaponic systems for use in homes and rooftop gardens to rear small fish to large industrial sized models or those the size of Olympic sized swimming pools to rear many fish,shellfish,small Selachimorpha,Amphibia,Chelonioidea,Cetacea and other marine life for human consumption in community and vertical farms and also fish farms and even zoos.Feed for most species of fish and shellfish will come in the form of micro-algae and macro algae pellets and algae based textured vegetable protein as well as Agriprotein produced on site using synthetic blood and bran sourced from bacteria or ordered in from vertical farms and community farms to increase nutrition value and provide a more cheap sustainable food source than soy or corn feed with these flours also produced by bacteria onsite.Feedkind and also in vitro meat will be produced onsite.Liquid micro-algae can also be simply be pumped into the pens/pools as well to allow them to simply suck it in.For predatory fish and shellfish like Brachyura,Salmonidae and Selachimorpha in vitro meat(of either their natural prey or other animals like pork,lamb or beef),protein made from bacteria similar to Feedkind and algae based TVP can be used instead of rearing smaller fish for them to feed on which would be more wasteful of resources with the meat grown on site or ordered in from vertical farms and algae from sewage and water treatment plants.Algae since rich in proteins and carbohydrates would provide the predatory fish with their needs.Application and preparation of feed can be automated and controlled by smart devices via connected pens/vats that using sensors order in fresh pellets or liquid feed when need.Algae will be created by microfarms on home and community farms or will be ordered in from sewage and water treatment plants by the AI of the farm they are in.Pelleting of algae can also be automated and done on site and with the algae ordered in from sewage and water treatment plants or done on site if the fish are reared on a community farm using waste from livestock reared there or from the fish themselves creating a looped system.Otherwise the algae can be created by systems collecting faeces as the the entire systems covered in liquid glass will prevent it clogging or sticking to the machinery where it used to create algae on site creating a looped system.Landlocked areas can benefit from the wide variety of sizes that range from those can fit in kitchens and spare rooms to larger systems that can be adapted for utilisation in vertical and community farms cutting down on transportation costs.This should allow people in isolated areas such as deserts,landlocked urban and rural areas to have access a wider number fish and shellfish in their diet providing a more sustainable source of protein than red meat.Having them in areas land locked cities and also rural towns will save on energy costs in transportation.Power can come from the main energy grid or from their own built in geothermal thermo-piezoelectric material covered geothermal pipes and solar energy systems.Excess energy from nearby geothermal plants can be used to heat them.Since fish are reared in separate systems the spread of diseases can be controlled.Biosynth technology graphene,nanomaterials if similar atom thick allotropes of all 94 elements will be used to cut down on energy costs.Recirculating aquaculture systems in both coastal and landlocked regions should rear exotic non-native species so fish farms in rivers,by the coast and in deep oceans can rear native fish to give communities a wide variety of fish and prevent non-native species escaping into the wild.Sampling of water to detect pathogenic micro-organisms that can affect both humans and fish can fully automated periodically through robots or nanosensors placed in the system with cleaning also automated and again UV treatment via lights attached to robots or the bottom of each system will allow the prevention of contamination in the first place.These UV lights can bake the pool before fish are added,while fish are being reared and when harvested at set times as well as when bacteria and viruses are detected by nanosensors negating the need for antibiotics with the fish and shellfish fitted with recombinant DNA from Thermococcus gammatolerans to make them invulnerable to UV radiation with narrow range UV used as it might not damage the skin of the fish.It will also make them invulnerable to irradiation.This would also allow fish and shellfish survive radiation and irradiation techniques that would kill off pathogens in their body and survive these treatments.Also if systems are contaminated prior to implantation of fish or eggs conditions such as water temperature can be altered to remove them ie raising temperature for a set period of time.Sterile practices in indoor systems can be applied to prevent this from happening.Recirculating aquaculture systems combined with 3D DNA printers will render traditional mariculture obsolete since one can tear fish locally with them onsite of al home,community and vertical farms and not just fish farms.This will allow all trawlers worldwide to be recycled.

Aquaponics can be integrated into both large and small systems and wherein fish waste and naturally occurring bacteria convert ammonia into nitrates which provides nutrients to a large variety of small plant crops and hybrid crops thus cutting down on energy by bypassing filters built into the system as fresh water is returned to the fish tanks.Macro algae namely Laminariales and other Phaeophyceae can also be raised this way for use as food,fertiliser etc and can be integrated into home and community farms as well as vertical farms.Recirculating aquaculture systems can play a role in research into replicating the processes by which natural pearls are created rather than relying on the inferior cultured and imitation pearls for mass production.In time nanotech fabricators can create them instantly.They can be integrated into home,community and vertical farms.Hybrid crops that hybridise staples such as Oryza,Zea mays mays,Solanum tuberosum with Solanum lycopersicum,Vitis with each other and other crops should be grown in these aquaponic systems.

Environmental factors such as pH,salinity,temperature and even feeding can be controlled and monitored on site or remotely through smart devices and computers(by researchers and community members through accounts in Demeter/the wire) with cameras built into robotic fish inside the systems or in or above the systems themselves to monitor their growth and numbers alongside.The warning system for these readings will follow an universal colour coded system will follow an universal colour coded system – blue denoting safe,yellow denoting some concern,green denoting some danger and red denoting severe danger.This means that the environment can be altered to suit the specific needs of a specific species.As a result all freshwater,seawater,tropical species of fish and shellfish can be reared for human consumption can be reared here.This can also be done to increase the amount of fish produced especially endangered species.With these conditions controlled and with no energy expended on chasing prey and escaping predators the fish/shellfish grow faster.Couple this with in vitro meat can allow for cells to be extracted and grown on media while they are still growing allowing for the amount of meat gained from a single fish or shellfish to be greatly increased.All shellfish and fish in captivity could also have recombinant DNA from mesophiles,thermophiles and also psychrophiles including Cucujus clavipes,Rana sylvatica,Tardigrade,Pseudomonas putida GR12-2,Rana Sylvatica,Bacillus F,Herminiimonas glaciei,Chryseobacterium greenlandensis,Carnobacterium pleistocenium,osmophiles,psychrophillic bacteria, combined with those from scratch to make them thrive in all temperature ranges to reduce energy costs with this possibly applying to wild fish in the distant future to adapt to changes in milankovitch cycles and geological events.Furthermore ocean fish and shellfish can be engineered to thrive without the need for salt to allow them to grown the same pools as freshwater fish without the need for salt to be shipped in or vice versa to reduce the waste produced by freshwater fish.Ideally though the ocean fish and shellfish should be engineered to not require saltwater with any extra waste used to create more algae and also fed aquaponic crops.Genetic engineering using DNA from fast growing fish can be applied to all species alongside that Escherichia Coli and Clostridium perfringens and scratch DNA will increase growth rates allowing most species to reach maturity within a month or even few weeks allowing them to be harvested quicker with this only applying to fish and shellfish used for consumption and not ornamental fish.All species of fish and shellfish will undergo the same level of engineering of crops to increase growth rates as in crops and have them mature in as little as a few weeks or even days with this including genes also from GM Salmonidae,growth promoter genes from fast growing animals,scratch DNA and also even those from fast growing plants and them undergoing the same level of engineering as crops to increase growth rates with them ordered in bulk since they will be kept for the entire year or few months with one choosing multiple species of fish and shellfish and home systems catering to ones needs in between large orders from here.DNA from Wangiella dermatitidis,Cladosporium sphaerospermum and Cryptococcus neoformans can be added to these fish to enable them to radiosynthesis,that is,to use the pigment melanin to convert gamma radiation into chemical energy for growth.Tweaks can made to do this with other types of radiation including UV radiation allowing algae to gain nutrition from the sun and that from artificial lights once made immune to radiation via DNA from T.gammatolerans.Studies can be done as to what intensity of radiation between 5-30,000Gy that is in the survival range of T.gammatolerans can both sterilise the fish of pathogens and parasites and also provide maximum growth rates.The fast growing ability of Nothobranchius furzeri,Coryphaena hippurus and which grow in as little as 14 days or Tilapiini that mature in 240 days by finding and adding the genes responsible for this added to all shellfish and fish reared here with them also given more oxygen in the tanks created by photosynthetic bacteria that create feedstuff as well as aquaponically grown crops harvested and directed to the pools via pipes and the fish and shellfish also engineered to utilise this oxygen better to increase growth rates using recombinant or even scratch DNA.They could also have the ability to utilise carbon dioxide with them being faculatative anaerobes using DNA from these kinds of bacteria and capnophillic bacteria that utilise both carbon dioxide and oxygen thus using both better to increase growth rates.They could also have the ability to utilise carbon dioxide with them being faculatative anaerobes,anaerobes,obligate anaerobes,capnophiles and scratch DNA can be added to the shellfish and fish genome to naturally use both carbon dioxide and oxygen as energy acceptors alongside nitrate(NO3−),fumarate,sulphate(SO42−),or sulphur(S) thus using both better to increase growth rates.Rare mutations that result in large oversized fish and shellfish can be added to both shellfish and fish will be added once stored in Physis.Those from any species can be added to the genome of any other species of fish and shellfish with the genes from oversized crops added to fish and vice versa and they may even be added to livestock of other types.Nephropidae that normally can live forever but die due to having to remove larger shells or pathogens(killed off by immunising strains of microbes and radiation once made immune to radiation) can be engineered to produce no shells and thus grow to incredibly large sizes with engineering increasing their growth rates with the same applied to other crustaceans with this negating the need for them to have shells removed with them also engineered to have no nerves to detect hot and cold especially when cooked to remove issues of pain caused by cooking them alive.The ability of Nephropidae to continually live forever and grow larger indefinitely can be applied to other species of crustaceans and shellfish namely Brachurya and Mollusca with them also have their shells engineered out and also have them have the same immortality genes and ability to continue to grow indefinitely to increase yields especially if they also have their shells removed via engineering.This can be extended to fish with the same genes that cause Nephropidae to grow indefinitely added to them to increase yields by growing bigger.All genetically engineered fish and shellfish can be reared here without threat of contaminating the wild.Those in captivity should also be engineered through cis/trans genics and those made from scratch to make them resistant to all viral and bacterial diseases as well as genetic diseases including making them unable to harbour bacteria that are pathogenic to humans making them safe to eat raw.This could be applied to wild fish populations to negate needless suffering as well as wipe out the pathogens from the face of the Earth after their genome is added to Physis with biocompatible microbes also used.Amphibians such as toads,frogs and salamanders as well as sea turtles for human consumption and pets can also be reared in these during their infant stages with them being fed algae as well as insects and then reared in nearby pens.Nanosensors in the system will relay pH,temperature,oxygen and carbon dioxide content and also presence of pathogens to the farm AI.

It may be possible to mass produce natural pearls using these systems before nano/picotech fabrication is perfected when our understanding of how they are created is deeper with genetic engineering increasing the efficiency of oysters of making high quality pearls with the process synthesised more efficiently by replicating it in machinery especially biological ones.In time bio synth versions of oysters may be able to perfect this process and reared solely for the production of them once the process is fully understood and allowing this to be done consciously by them controlled by the farm AI with genetic engineering increasing the rate at which normal ones can do this.It may be possible for biosynth machinery could create these on an unlimited scale in Arachne factories or homes with even bacteria creating them via anabolic and catabolic reactions.

Cavair of all 33,000 species can also be reared this way with genetic engineering ideally using the stripping method where the fish are given hormones used to increase the amount eggs produced by a fish and induce egg laying without killing them making even the most expensive caviar and roe widely available to the public in personal and local farms.Acipenseridae ideally a separate species from normal Acipenseridae can be engineered to have both males and females reach sexual maturity much quickly say in as little as one to two years or several months rather than eight to twenty to expedite the development of eggs with if possible smaller fish that mature earlier can also engineered to produce eggs similar to them in taste and texture.These smaller fish can be new species that are hybrids of Acipenseridae and other small fish such as Scombridae can also have a better meat taste that produce the eggs of Acipenseridae.Thus Acipenseridae modified to grow faster or hybrids can be reared anywhere in the world alleviating strains on wild stocks with these recirculating aquaculture systems playing a role in increasing the numbers of Acipenseridae in the wild via the Phanes method with ideally these first engineered to reach sexual maturity in one year and then returned to normal levels when levels are stable with the fact that this species lays millions of eggs at a time it should be easy to increase their numbers as part of conservation efforts.Other species of fish can be engineered to produce the same amount of eggs each.These Acipenseridae can also be engineered to produce more meat and also less bone to make them edible and double as a food source and would be a separate species to prevent it interbreeding with any wild stocks should they escape.Other fish reared for meat and caviar can be engineered to produce the same amount of eggs as Acipenseridae.Using recombinant DNA from Acipenseridae any species of fish will be engineered to produce millions of eggs each year with if possible them combined with even Dorylus DNA as well as scratch DNA to produce each week or month millions of sterile eggs for caviar and once every year millions of eggs for creating new fish for meat and caviar.Small species of fish can be made to produce their own caviar or that of Acipenseridae with the the same texture and taste.Shellfish will also undergo this both to create caviar but also increase numbers of edible animals.Any species of fish and shellfish be engineered to produce the same meat and caviar of any other fish or shellfish thus making it easier to rear them with even Phasianidae engineered to produce the meat and eggs of any species of fish and shellfish.Any fish can be engineered to produce the same caviar as Acipenseridae to increase yields of both the fish itself and also caviar.Caviar can be created in large batches via 3D DNA printers directly or if possible can be created as sterile egg via 3D DNA printers with in both cases the same texture and taste that can using bacteria,totipotent stem cell DNA undergo mitosis like bacteria and in vitro meat and thus grown in vats using sugars etc allowing the caviar of any species of fish and shellfish containing their DNA to be commercially grown if perfected to be the same taste and texture of any species and one would order it in batches of 5-500kg in methane plastic buckets.Thus the eggs and roe of any species of fish would be created by 3D DNA printers with them having DNA to make them sterile,undergo mitosis from bacteria,totipotent stem cells to create duplicates that have the same nutritional level,texture and taste of normal roe with the taste,texture and DNA of all species of shellfish and fish analysed by AI to determine this.If perfected this could allow caviar of any species to be grown on a commercial scale much quicker.To deal with the issue of rearing large amounts of Brachyura in a system Macrocheira kaempferi due to the size of its legs and small body size can have other species of Brachyura produce its meat with for example its meat bred into Pseudocarcinus gigas the largest Brachyura that has a compact body with if possible M.kaempferi can have it engineered to have smaller legs than normal thus allowing larger numbers of them to be reared at once increasing productivity with all species of Brachyura engineered to be the same size as P.gigas with the same done for any other type of crustacean with the largest species have it DNA responsible for large growth engineered into other species or vice versa if need be.Birgus latro,Gecarcoidea natalis,Johngarthia lagostoma and other land based crustaceans can have its meat engineered into other species of Brachyura that are hybrids separate from other species to be reared in recirculating aquaculture systems since they would be difficult to rear onland and would easily escape in foreign countries with them produced locally this way in their native habitat to aid in conservation efforts especially with the case of B.latro with if possible these aforementioned Brachyura engineered into new species that are only able to be reared in recirculating aquaculture systems and feed on algae etc with them a separate species from their parent species yet still having the same meat and shells.They could have also the same meat as larger mammalian livestock to cut down on resources such as Bovidae,Suidae.Limulidae can have their meat bred into species of true Brachyura that are as big P.gigas since they produce very little meat with this done to other similar creatures that create very little meat with like any other species any toxins removed via engineering them out.Any specimens of any species of fish and shellfish that are abnormally large can have their DNA collected and analysed,added to Physis and bred into all specimens grown for food using advanced gene drive technology and 3D DNA printers to see if this can be replicated in other species and indeed all other specimens grown ensuring that this large size is the average for all of those reared in home,community,vertical and fish farms except those used for conservation purposes as having these escape into the wild would cause an imbalance in the ecosystem.Architeuthis and Enteroctopus can have their meat engineered into smaller species including Sepiida with even the meat of Nautiloids bred into other Cephalopod that have no shells.Nephropidae that normally can live forever but die due to having to remove larger shells or pathogens(killed off by immunising strains of microbes and radiation once made immune to radiation) can be engineered to produce no shells and thus grow to incredibly large sizes with engineering increasing their growth rates with the same applied to other crustaceans with this negating the need for them to have shells removed with them also engineered to have no nerves to detect hot and cold especially when cooked to remove issues of pain caused by cooking them alive.Removing shells from being produced will negate labour but will also negate the need for them to use energy in creating them saving on resources and create more meat and can be applied to other species of crustaceans with the ability of Nephropidae to continually live forever and grow larger indefinitely applied to other species of crustaceans and shellfish namely Brachurya with them have their shells engineered out and also have them have the same immortality genes and ability to continue to grow indefinitely to increase yields.This can be extended to fish with the same genes that cause Nephropidae to grow indefinitely added to them to increase yields.The same will be done for all species of fish with if possible the meat of small species of fish bred into larger species and vice versa if need be.An example would be Selachimorpha and Batoidea can have their meat engineered into smaller fish like Scombridae,Salmonidae allowing for larger and more manageable numbers of fish to be reared that have the desired meat with even the exact fins of Selachimorpha grown on these hybrids with if possible miniature Selachimorpha created.They can also have the same meat as Thunnus thynnus and even Cetacea.Any bony fish including ornamental ones can have their meat engineered into more meatier fish with the option of even making non meaty fish produce more meat.As stated any species of fish and even Phasianidae can be engineered to produce the meat of any species of shellfish to increase yields and make them more manageable.If possible to cut down on resources and increase productivity the meat of mammalian livestock such as Bovidae and Suidae can be engineered into Salmonidae.This would allow anyone with any sized recirculating aquaculture systems to rear the meat of any type of fish and would be of note to fish restaurants and even fast food restaurants that make burgers made out of fish.Genetically altered fish such as GM Salmonidae including genetically altered local native species found in rivers,lakes and deep ocean can be grown here indoors without contaminating the wild.Ideally these and other fish and shellfish genetically altered should ideally be engineered to the point that they are a completely separate species so as to prevent them affecting wild stocks if they escape.

Expensive fish and shellfish will be reared here to increase their numbers and availability to the general public when reared in home,community and vertical farms.Those reared for pets can also be engineered to house more meat or have their meat engineered into larger meatier fish to be consumed as food.3D DNA printers can allow for these ornamental fish to be created at home or community centres and have the eggs dumped into aquariums or recirculating aquaculture systems when matured with unique genotypes negating the need for private breeders and having to order them from around the world and even having to get them in person as they can be created at home and can thus prevent overfishing of existing stocks.With regards to those reared as pets these such Cyprinus carpioas can have all genotypes uploaded to Physis thus allowing one to choose using 3D DNA printers the genotypes associated with specific desired patterns created on demand or even customised patterns with them designed on Pandora and Phanes extrapolating the required genotypes.Species of fish outside of C.carpioas can using genotypes from this species or those from scratch and from other ornamental fish can have any type of coats including those from mammals and birds such as Equus quagga,Panthera pardus via Physis being used to extrapolate the genes to create these.Scleropages formosus can also undergo this level of customisation with the same applying to all ornamental fish and again allow selective coats to be produced on demand.Thus rather than having human breeders all species of ornamental species they can printed out in systems in homes,vertical farms using 3D DNA printers with rare desired coats and ordered in from ones local vertical farms live in a bucket or created at home thus cutting down their costs to zero.Furthermore it can benefit rare and endangered species of fish and shellfish allowing for rearing large numbers as food,pets or cosmetic purposes such as Garra rufa fish.3D DNA printers will print the DNA of a species and also unique genotypes to printed into single or whole batches of eggs.Expensive fish and shellfish that are for culinary purposes will also be reared in home and community farms systems with their DNA downloaded in blank eggs.This should allow rare,expensive cosmetic and culinary fish and shellfish to be reared locally making them free and also negating the need for private breeders.All expensive shellfish and  Holothuroidea and other Echinodermata can be reared in these.Downloading the DNA of them into blank eggs from Demeter will thus allow home farmers instant access to expensive fish and shellfish instantly for rearing for consumption or as pets in aquariums.Recirculating aquaculture systems onsite of home,community and vertical farms will render conventional mariculture obsolete thus shutting down all markets and jobs in them and through 3D DNA printers will allow any species of all 33,000 species of fish,as well as all 62,000 Gastropoda species,all 7,385 species of Amphiba(Anura,Caudata,Gymnophiona),all known 67,000 species of Crustaceans,all 20,000 species of Bivalvia,all 7,000 species of Echinodermata,800 species of Cephalopod etc including expensive ones in local vertical,home and other farms ordered in whenever they want.Caviar will be ordered in created by smaller fish engineered to produce their native roe or that of Acipenseridae.It can be created by creating caviar that can undergo mitosis.Thus rare,expensive species and endangered species of fish and shellfish for both human consumption as food and also as pets can be created on a virtually unlimited scale making them more widely available to the general public when reared in home,community and vertical farms and thus lowering their costs substantially and also making them more abundant in the case of endangered species.

This can also apply to coral where it can be grown for harvesting from jewellery and also act as a temporary home for them to be studied and raised quickly and then transferred to aquariums in zoos until the problem of ocean acidification and bleaching has been resolved.This can be part of conservation efforts where the coral is grown in large amounts in these systems and once ocean conditions
become favourable.It can also be used to grow them in home systems or ordered in from vertical farms for home made jewellery with systems in Arachne etc factories to grow the coral onsite.As stated earlier genetic engineering and breeding can increase their ability to tolerate both acidic oceans and higher or even colder temperatures until both problems are solved.Transgenics can allow coral to be bred to survive in more cooler and warmer waters with recombinant DNA coming thermophillic and acidophillic bacteria to survive lower pH conditions and even DNA from mesophillic and psychrophillic bacteria to allow for reefs to formed around both the Arctic and Antarctic waters as well as more temperate and Mediterranean waters thus allowing for more of the worlds oceans to harbour them with DNA from other extremophile bacteria added to suit all types of environments with further engineering allowing them to reside in freshwater lakes and rivers.Combining recombinant DNA from all these species of extremophiles into each species can ensure their survival.Other shellfish such as oysters and scallops etc can have their shells harvested once eaten and sprayed with liquid glass to make them dirt proof after being polished with even sea snails and conches as well as limpets and other shell forming fauna reared in them not only for conservation efforts to deal with lowering pH and for food but to harvest their shells for jewellery and household decorations etc with the same applying to all shellfish with any unwanted shells pyrolysised alongside,skeletons,uneaten fish/shellfish and other organic waste once pulverised.These shell forming shellfish can be engineered to produce stronger shells to resist lower pH with them also modified to survive warmer temperatures and also made more palatable as food.Oils from specific specific species of both endangered and abundant species of fish and Elasmobranchii can be produced on a commercial scale using genetically altered bacteria negating the need to hunt them or rear large amounts of them specifically.Hybrids of all types of fish can be created by hybridising two or more species of fish that are used as pets and those that are consumed with this also applied to shellfish.

Genetic engineering can also play a role in making poisonous fish,shellfish,coral,frogs,toads,salamanders and other sea fauna like the Pterois,Ostraciidae,Acanthurida,Amphiprioninae,Myliobatoidei,Medusozoa,Hapalochlaena lunulata more suitable for use as pets and in aquarium parks or even as food by removing their ability to produce toxins.In the case of the Tetraodontidae it is simply a case of engineering them not to produce their toxin,immunise them with antibodies from immunising strains of microbes,eliminate their ability to harbour the bacteria via changes in their body structure or through them naturally producing antibiotics that may be the cause of it or alter the bacteria not to produce the toxin by introducing biocompatible bacteria with gene drives that remove their toxicity via interbreeding when they infiltrate the body and pass down to future generations,sterilising pools and also adding recombinant DNA from T.gammatolerans and exposing them to irradiation sweeps.Otherwise antibiotics can be applied to the fish killing the bacteria and preventing them from being passed onto the next generation of fish in a sterile environment.All of these steps can be applied to further increase success.In the case of some poisonous species of frogs it is merely a case of feeding them non toxic local insects,in vitro meat and algae(both TVP and the liquid) since some species bioaccumalte toxins from insects that feed on poisonous species of plants or engineer the frogs to be unable to absorb or produce toxins.Others may require genetic engineering for this to occur.This would allow handling and preparing it for consumption much safer.This can also apply to poisonous coral species and anemones used as ornaments in private tanks.Special care should be taken not to allow these altered non-toxic fauna to escape into the wild as it may prove disastrous and affect native populations negatively in their ability to defend themselves from predators or hunt prey.Ideally they would be engineered to the point that they would be separate species that could not mate with their parent species preventing this from happening especially if gene drives are used with the altered non toxic species having other unique phenotype such as distinct colour or pattern to ensure they can be identified in the wild and captivity.Coelacanthiformes for example can be bred to not produce the foul tasting oil that give it a foul taste with bony fish engineered to produce more flesh and less or smaller bones.All oils and fats of nutritional value from all fish and shellfish will be created via bacteria on an unlimited scale with if possible fish engineered to produce bones made of stiff organic material other than calcium that when cooked or exposed to enzymes created at home via bacteria are soft and edible preventing one choking if they are consumed.All fish and shellfish can bee engineered to contain xerophile,oligotrophic DNA,remove their version of the fat insulin receptor and myostatin gene and increase their feed to muscle ratio with them engineered to grow much faster such as in the same way as in the case of GM Salmonidae and also the control of the body produces hormones.They will also be inoculated with microbes that can immunise them against all pathogens whether viral and bacterial etc negating the need for antibiotics and preventing them affecting yields.These and other GM fish and shellfish bred for human consumption,pets and scientific studies can also be reared here safely without contaminating the wild with any unwanted pets sent back to local recirculating aquaculture farms for storage and use in breeding programs,taxidermied,pyrolysised with organic waste,traded online or eaten rather than disposing them into the wild or sewer system via toilets,

To alleviate strains on overexploited stocks of fish in the wild and endangered fish and shellfish caused by environmental damage etc The Phanes method can be used to create large numbers of endangered species in recirculating aquaculture systems using the Phanes method by their habitat and then dump them in the wild as adults allowing for millions of fish and shellfish to be created very quickly to refill depleted numbers in the wild.This conservation method can also include rare,endangered and expensive species as well as commonly caught fish such as Salmonidae to help aid over exploited stocks become more abundant in the wild free from predators allowing them to be bred quickly in large numbers and then released into the wild or kept in aquariums in zoos where again their habitat can be replicated and they can kept in these open aquaculture systems and bred in large numbers in their specific conditions ie.Munidopsis polymorpha,Acipenseridae,Cyprinodon macularius,Coelacanthiformes,Selachimorpha and reared in large numbers free from predators and returned to the wild when their numbers have grown exponentially with some kept for use as pets and further breeding programs.The Phanes method using blank spermatozoa and eggs can allow for millions of specimens to be printed onsite of farms including home ones and then stored in cryonics.These will have DNA from P.putida GR12-2 due to its antifreeze proteins and also Bacillus F,H.glaciei,C.greenlandensis,C.pleistocenium,R.sylvatica,osmophiles with recombinant DNA from Planarians,Hydra,Ambystoma mexicanum,T.gammatolerans,Deinococcus radiodurans,Bacillus F and Caenorhabditis elegans allowing them to repair damaged tissue and telomeres thus allowing them to be refrozen and rethawed over and over again. Endangered species can be reared in these systems in large numbers and dumped as fertile adults in large batches into the ocean with Phanes creating millions or billions of fish eggs with unique genotypes and the ratio of males to females controlled.This can be done with fish,shellfish as well as amphibians such as frogs and salamanders.In the case of Munidopsis polymorpha and other species of fish and shellfish that are endemic to only specific areas it may be possible to extract several specimens and use the ability of CRISPR to create an unlimited amount of individuals and implant them in blank sperm and eggs from pluripotent induced stem cells to be implanted into one individual season after season to increase their numbers(or us a related model species)and raise them in recirculating aquaculture systems and zoos across the world to increase their populations to millions or billions with the exact environmental conditions replicated in them with the possibility of setting up new colonies around the world in the wild in controlled environments with further engineering such as from extremophiles allowing them to survive different environments,rock pools and oceans around the world with this applied to other shellfish and fish both endangered and non endangered species.Once populations have increased between recirculating aquaculture systems and zoos around the world excess can be returned to the wild when conditions are favourable while breeding programs continue.An example would be Acipenseridae.This can allow the native non engineered Acipenseridae to be returned to their native habitat once reared in large numbers and released into the wild.The native non engineered Acipenseridae can have the millions of eggs from each female once they reach adulthood reared in separate tanks and then when each of the millions of females rear millions of young the adults and their young can be released into the wild once they are at least half way through sexual maturity.This can be done over and over again until the population of wild stocks reaches stable levels.This can be replicated with other rare endangered species of all fish and shellfish with them first engineered or through hormones to produce more eggs and given anti-ageing treatments with them once several million or even billion are produced the excess can be dumped into the native habitats as adults.Rare species can be reared here in large numbers traded between pools across the world and then a certain amount decided by Phanes stored in aquariums where they are allowed to mate with each other further increase numbers with those left in recirculating aquaculture systems then traded and reared again with other farms to maintain genetic diversity and this repeated until sizeable populations of it are created and released back into the wild ideally in the range of at least several million with programmes for each species done across the world.This can be done for all species including Selachimorpha with ideally Olympic sized swimming pools and zoo aquarium sized systems to rear both larger fish including Selachimorpha and large numbers of small fish with this applying to all species such has tropical fish and those consumed for meat.Selachimorpha reared form meat can be engineered to be much smaller and fit in normal sized tanks.The Phanes method can be applied by automated machinery and 3D DNA printing with hormone and genetic engineering treatments applied to increase the number of eggs and sperm produced with this removed once populations are stable.Ideally endangered species once their numbers increase will be shipped to their native oceans in cruise ships,ferries,trawlers etc in large numbers or in the form of eggs on aeroplanes will be dumped in their native habitat where they are normally laid in the case of eggs or hatched and deposited their in large numbers with live fish dumped either at the mouth of where they live or in schools of fish tracked by ships as full adults or even as infants.Ideally they should be dumped as adults before mating season since they will have higher chance of surviving and thus mating with each other and also native stocks with this repeated until populations recover with them dumped via trawlers that house the fish in large sections filled with water or have them in underwater sections of the boat held off from the ocean by netting.Endangered species of non eaten fish will be reared here alongside coral engineered to survive the rising pH expected by the end of the century with them released when conditions in the wild become favourable with coral grown here and then replanted later on.Land based energy Brachyura including B.latro,G.natalis,J.lagostoma can be raised in pens in zoos or other indoor areas onsite of their native habitat with in the case of G.natalis will have methods to wipe out Anoplolepis gracilipes carried out.Millions or billions of any species can be raised around the world with the populations tracked by Phanes and Cybele as well as Pontus and then when millions or billions are reared they can be released into the wild with excess kept to rear those for pets and consumption.3D DNA printers can print out several million or billion eggs at once a with genotype so distinct from each other to allow them to interbreed with each to maintain genetic diversity with them routinely dumped into the ocean as adults with Phanes designing each genotype and also the ratio of males to females.This will be much easier and can apply to any species of endangered fish,shellfish and also amphibians such as frogs,toads and salamanders with to save energy done in research centres etc by the coast or jungles where the species lives allowing them to be released in large numbers with fish and shellfish dumped in large numbers in automated trawlers.Biocompatible microbes can be added to them and to wild populations via biosynths modelled on lampreys or via captive ones spreading them into populations to track populations and add ant-ageing treatments.Ideally recirculating aquaculture systems used for rearing endangered and over exploited fish should be reared on oil rigs and conservation areas solely for this separate for farms used for food with again them reared in large numbers and 3D DNA printers creating large amounts of DNA strands via the Phanes method to be stored cryonic ally then implanted into spermatozoa and eggs in the order of millions to quickly replenish stocks that are over exploited and the fish also given hormones to increase egg production.

All fish tanks and equipment can be designed and shared on Hephaestus namely Archimedes with recirculating aquaculture and aquaponic systems to rear exotic species of fish and shellfish locally inland even in deserts saving on energy and providing them with a fresh supply of fish and shellfish while allowing wild stock to alleviate from the overfishing of the 20th and 21st century.Phanes will organise trading of eggs on local to global levels between vertical farms,homes,zoos and the wild(those in the wild will be caught by automated trawlers) managed by Poseidon.Fish trawlers can be recycled for scrap,traded on Euthenia to be converted into yachts with larger ones converted into luxury cruise ships.Ideally fish trawlers will be used to catch fish as well as shellfish and transport them live to all communities in the country or regions until they become fully self sufficient with communities also ordering in exotic species this way.In time automated trawlers will catch some more fish every once in a while to maintain genetic diversity alongside trading of live fish and shellfish and the Phanes method with at time excess in recirculating aquaculture systems dumped into the wild using these dumping at least several thousand or million that are excess or reared solely to relive natural stocks routinely when the population drops below acceptable levels to also maintain diversity and help in alleviating over exploited stocks.3D DNA printing onsite of fish farms,home farms and also vertical farms can using DNA from patient files and DNA logged in the AI of farms as well as Physis will use these as a baseline and then use this to create millions of fish and shellfish blank egg created via the Phanes method and induced pluripotent stem cells and blank sperm and eggs will cut down on cost with this also done on research labs on oil rigs and also by the ocean.The relevant totipotent and pluripotent stem cells from all species of fish and shellfish or universal ones that can be used for the basis of all species will be cultured in vats and engineered to undergo mitosis creating an unlimited supply and then be turned into embryos,eggs and spermatozoa or ideally actual blank eggs that contain embryos/fused spermatozoa and eggs.Thus 3D DNA printers could create large batches of fertile eggs with unique genotypes through the Phanes method that will allow any species of fish and shellfish to be created in recirculating aquaculture systems around the world  without the need to trade eggs for genetic diversity and catch wild animsls.Multistorey fish farms and vertical farms can increase the amount of fish grown inland with micro algae shipped in from sewage and water treatment plants ordered in or grown on site using faeces alongside macro algae could increase the amount of space to grow fish and shellfish.They can use artificial trees on the roof or side to grown the micro and macro algae pumped into where the algae is grown onsite in specialised tanks or using Feedkind which if it covers 9% of the worlds landsurface or less using roof and underground extensions or being scattered across fish/vertical/community and home farms could feed roughly 10,000,000,000 people with at least 200kgs of fish with those reared on 9% of the surface of the ocean used to feed another 10,000,0000,000 with another 200kgs of fish.By the middle of the century conventional fishing will be replaced by recirculating aquaculture systems.

Recirculating aquaculture systems onsite of home,community and vertical farms will render conventional mariculture obsolete thus shutting down all markets and jobs in them and through 3D DNA printers can allow all 33,000 species of fish,as well as all 62,000 Gastropoda species,11,000 species of Cnidaria,all 7,385 species of Amphiba(Anura, Urodela,Gymnophiona),all 55 species of Hydrophiinae,all 7 species of Chelonioidea,all known 67,000 species of Crustaceans,all 20,000 species of Bivalvia,all 7,000 species of Echinodermata,800 species of Cephalopod will be able to be ordered in from vertical farms in their local or reared in home systems with them created via 3D DNA printers.Rare and expensive species of ornamental fish such as Cyprinus carpioas and Scleropages formosus can be created via 3D DNA printers in systems in home,community and vertical farms with desired and even customised coats thus eliminating human breeders that can be created on an unlimited scale without affecting wild stocks.These will replace conventional mariculture completey by 2029 since it is more sustainable allowing wild stocks in the ocean to recover as it allows for localised rearing onsite of home,community,fish and vertical farms as well as restaurants,universities,hospitals and other public buildings and also cruise ships and even in time interstellar vehicles and space stations with 3D DNA printers allowing any species of fish and shellfish from across the world and universe to be created onsite and can be fully automated rendering all 35,000,000 people employed here defunct and can be used for conservation efforts of endangered species of fish and shellfish including overexploited ones and also even coral and phytoplankton and algae with them grown in large amounts using the Phanes method and then dumped into the ocean as adults in shoals.Genetic engineering can have the roe of all species be made on an commercial scale thus allowing caviar to be mass produced.If possible caviar can by 3D printed and given genes to undergo mitosis when fed sugars allowing large commercial scale amounts of the roe of all 33,000 species of fish and all shellfish be grown in a commercial scale.Recirculating aquaculture systems will not only replace traditional mariculture and procurement of ornamental fish by 2029 thus allowing wild stocks to recover but  will also play a key role in conservation of all endangered species of fish,shellfish and amphibians as 3D DNA printers used by Phanes can print out out millions and billions of eggs each with dinstantly related genotypes with the ratio of males and females controlled by him that can be reared to adulthood and then dumped into their native habitat in oceans and lakes etc in large numbers routinely into shoals of wild stocks until populations stabilise to healthy levels with all species of Anthozoa that since composed of unicellular micro-organisms can be printed out using 3D DNA printers and reared in large numbers and released into the wild once conditions in the oceans become favourable.Endangered species of Amphibians etc can also have millions of genetically distinct individuals created,reared in these and released into the wild.Aquaponics will be merged with it cut down on energy use and produce hybrid crops at the same time with them small enough to fit into private and communal home systems and those in vertical farms of varying sizes.Thus it would shut down traditional mariculture indefinitly as all communities including landlocked ones can rear any species in systems present in home,community and vertical farms.The fish will be fed algae in pellet form,TVP form or even just liquid form pumped into them alongside flour from G.max etc created by bacteria with carnivorous fish and shellfish fed chunks of invitro meat,insects created by 3D DNA printers or even algae since it can provide all essential amino acids etc.Fish in them especially Scombridae,Salmonidae can be engineered to produce the same meat in terms of taste and texture as traditional livestock such as cattle,chicken,lamb,pork etc negating the need to rear these with less feed and zero land and methane emissions with engineering allowing them to create large amounts of sterile eggs as caviar using Acipenseridae and Dorylus recombinant DNA with them made to produce their own caviar and roe or through recombinant DNA from Acipenseridae that of Acipenseridae to produce a second crop enough to order in large buckets of it between 5-100kg in batches for each person.They will be as stated be found in home,community and vertical farms around the world both in coastal cities and towns etc but also landlocked ones cutting down on transportation costs allowing any person around the world access to any species of fish especially exotic ones found only in certain countries or with them also used to create Anura,Chelonioidea,Hydrophiinae,Urodela,Gymnophiona etc used as pets and also ornamental fish used as pets such as C.carpioas,S.formosus created at local community and vertical farms ordered in alive or created at home using 3D DNA printers allowing rare expensive species with desired coats to be available to everyone around the world at zero cost.They will be found in home(both private and communal home),fish,community and vertical farms as well as restaurants,airports,hospitals,universities and other public buildings that serve fish and shellfish with them also present on cruise ships and even in time interstellar vehicles and space stations with them coming in a large range of shapes and sizes suited to each building etc needs with smaller species of fish and shellfish engineered to be as large as larger species of fish and shellfish or produce the same flesh as other larger species of fish and shellfish with even larger species engineered to be smaller or produce the same flesh as smaller species to both increase productivity or be suited to be reared in smaller or larger recirculating aquaculture systems.Dimensional transcendamentalism may also be introduced into them to house larger amounts of fish and larger species.They can be onsite of both universities and research centres to rear any species of fish and shellfish for scientific studies releated to mariculture,agriculture and botany especially releated to aquaponics and hydroponics as well as branches of zoology such as malacology,herpetology and ichthyology.Thus by 2029-2045 it will replace traditional fish farming and even mariculture involving deep trawlers forever as any species of fish can be reared in them onsite of local home,community,vertical and fish farms in every town,village and city worldwide including landlocked ones combined with 3D DNA printers allowing dwindling fish stocks to recover with it meeting the needs of any sized population with as stated it used to return populations of endangered species of fish,shellfish and even those that are not eaten as food such as ornamental fish and even Chelonioidea,Hydrophiinae,Anura,Urodela,Gymnophiona since 3D DNA printers can create millions or billions of genetically distinct eggs that are reared to maturity in them and then released into the wild as adults into existing shoals etc around mating season.The same can be done with coral also known as Anthozoa that is created by micro-organisms that can be printed out into billions of stem cells cultured and induced into forming coral that can then be deposited onto the ocean floor as part of existing and new reefs using artificial organic biodegradable beddings and netting for them to anchor to alongside dumping all other sea fauna present when conditions in the ocean become favourable.The same can be done with phytoplankton and macro algae.The use of aquaponics will allow for a third crop alongside caviar of any species of fish to be produced in the same plot of farms with this replacing traditional mariculture and aquaponics being the predominant form of agriculture as it increase yields for most crops outside of genetic engineering by as much as 6-10 times and can allow any species of crops to be grown locally with ideally these being hybrid crops that allow larger exotic crops to be grown on more manageable plants and house as much as six or more crops on the one plant.This would allow any exotic crop to be grown in home,community and vertical farms around the world in every town and city thus cutting down energy costs in planting,harvesting and transportation to nearly zero and allow one access to any crop and fish and shellfish from around the world.It will be combined with aquaponics to rear hybrid crops as it allows the feces and urine from fish to be turned into fertiliser which cuts down energy operations for running them by eliminating the need for filtering out feces.Them being powered by renewables in the form of thermo-piezoelectric material covered geothermal pipes,solar panels,micro-gas turbines and also geothermal etc from the grid will cut down on carbon dioxide emissions to zero with since locally produced in fish,home,community and vertical farms in all towns and cities worldwide cuts down energy costs in transportation such as having to fuel trawlers themselves and also transporting them to supermarkets across a country and the world with all parts of them composed of biosynth plastics,biosynth technology and nanomaterials as well as other technologies that improve energy efficiency and even genetically engineering the fish and shellfish to use both carbon dioxide and as well as oxygen as energy acceptor and other augmentations will substantially reduce energy costs in the form of maintenance and running them.Even though it uses more energy as non recirculating aquaculture,traditional trawling and pork,cattle etc intensive research to improve energy efficiency such as using nanomaterials such as graphene,other atom thick allotropes and those from all other 94 other elements,them combined with biosynth technology to replace filters and other systems as part of them,better designs alongside utilising aquaponics and having fish and crops genetically engineered to be more resource efficient,grow faster and larger etc and other means will be done by humans and AI to reduce energy costs to be in operating them,maintenance and transportation by as much as 50-95% to reduce energy costs on par with or better than traditional fishing,aquaculture or even crop agriculture.To eliminate water use picotech fabricators can create large batches of water since the water is used in a looped system.To cut down on manufacturing costs they can be composed entirely of biosynth technology,atom thick nanomaterials of all 94 elements and biosynth or normal plastics created by oil gained from bacteria eliminating costs associated with starting them up.To eliminate water use picotech fabricators can create large batches of water since the water is used in a looped system with all species reared for food and pets engineered to survive all temperature ranges to eliminate heaters.All species of ocean based fish and shellfish reared in them for eating and pets but not those reared for conservation efforts will be engineered to not need saltwater but rather normal water without salt or brine to negate the need for shipping in salt for them and then removing it through energy intensive filters and allow freshwater fish and shellfish,ocean fish and shellfish etc and those that live in estuaries,mangroves,brackish lakes and brackish marshes and other similar ecosystems to be reared in the same system at the same time and one after the other with this also allowing crops to be grown at the same time which would die from salt and brine or would have a salty taste with fish and shellfish reared for conservation efforts reared in systems onsite of research centres and conservation areas with the proper level of salt and have no engineering to change the salt requirements to prevent this passing into wild stocks.All work in their operation,maintanence,harvesting and transportation should be fully automated by 2029-2045.

Lakes,rivers across the world can have fish farms built into them.

Farms in deep oceans can be fully automated and algae and in vitro meat can be grown on site using fish waste as a growth medium with solid algae pellets imported from inland with remote monitoring done with drones or cameras attached at key points or in robotic fish or floating algae farms which pump algae into pens at set intervals.In the case of coastal farms fish waste can once again be used to grow algae extracting harmful fish waste in the process with pellets produced onsite with graphene sheets embedded in a inner ring surrounded by two layers of nets used to collect this waste which then can be extracted and used on algae farms.Soy and corn based feed should be replaced with algae based food either in pellet form or microbial form to feed all fish stocks both in the oceans/rivers/lakes and in land based recirculating aquaculture as it increases omega 3 fatty acid content of fish with in vitro meat and algae TVP used to feed predatory fish such as Selachimorpha.Otherwise soy and corn flour produced by bacteria will be produced on site.Fish farming should be avoided in areas where water pollution poses a significant threat to both fish and human health.In these cases recirculating aquaculture systems should be utilised until conditions become more favourable.Coastal and ocean farms can be mixed with macro and micro algae farms to treat water,removing toxins such as fish waste and allowing for two crops to be grown at the same time like aquaponic systems to provide local communities with them for foodstock and feed for the fish.These can involve waste pumped into the micro algae farms or macro algae growing on the sides of the pens underwater or even have miniature algae pods or scrubbers on the side of the netting that collect and intake wastes and automatically release the finished algae when full or when feeding times initiate to feed the fish creating a looped system.Macro algae can be reared on the sides and seafloor of the pen to also scrub up the fish waste for recycling where it can be compressed into macro algae pellets by an on site pelleting machine thus making it easier to be consumed by fish entering a looped system with underwater harvesting robots developed to collect seaweed.Otherwise it will be harvested for human consumption.This will be grown using LED lights along the nets and on the floor with the possibility of artificial scrubbers that collect the fish waste as pump systems that direct it to pods growing micro algae or in nets that are raised by machinery and the waste separated.Energy will be coming from wave piston pumps,floating solar panels,micro-turbines and miniature VAWTs built on site.

Deep ocean fish and algae farms should ideally have oil rig like structures built around them or be built next to old oil rigs which can act as charging stations for ferries,undersea drones,cruise ships and house deep sea research facilities with underwater rooms through pyrex and carbon composites.Ideally the rig would house the main building housing the statue of Poseidon,the farm AI and also the receptionist alongside toilets and all machinery with as stated power coming from VAWTs,solar and wave pistons as well as geothermal systems from nearby cities.Automated boats and helicopters could dock here from ports and helipads with the structure coated in liquid glass to prevent rusting with this allying to existing oil rigs that can also have graphene paint underneath this with ocean communities composed of interlinked oil rigs detailed earlier on will have these farms managed by their own separate AI and Poseidon.Onsite miniature desalination plants using graphene and also rainwater collection systems can provide water with hydroponics/aeroponics and bacteria providing food with food and manufactured goods ordered in from Hephaestus and Demeter via seabreachers,boats and helicopters.This could house researchers with lounges,bedrooms and automated cafeterias and kitchens during any time of the year with the structure and any buildings composed of graphene with extensions made over time on the roof,to the side on the water,underwater or extensions to the rig structure with the toilets directing human waste onto onsite algae farms or a septic tank coated internally with liquid glass to be collected by automated boats also coated internally in liquid glass that will be part of the farm and empty it when pressure plates and nanosensores detect it is full and transport it to the mainland where automated vehicles controlled by the local sewage treatment plants that also collect sewage from onland septic tanks will collect or the place where it docks will have pipes that can connect to it using flexible pipes also coated internally in liquid glass and then extract all of the sewage into the local sewage treatment plant.Compact onsite sewage and water treatment plants can be used to clean waste water and sewage in looped systems as well as dump it into the ocean.Deep sea ocean farms ordering in algae from them via other boats in the farms fleet with them in drums and used in a rotary system as the drums coated internally and externally in liquid glass with robots that can can collect them and them emptied into storage tanks for automated feeding either in liquid form or when pelleted onsite via piping with them then sent back to the sewage treatment plant AI.The fish pens can form interlocking jigsaw pieces with the fish being constantly monitored by autonomous bio-synth robots modelled after each fish species that will monitor the progress of the fishes growth and numbers through HD cameras and via sensors as well as monitor environmental factors such as pH,temperature,levels of waste etc 24/7.The warning system for these readings will follow an universal colour coded system will follow an universal colour coded system – blue denoting safe,yellow denoting some concern,green denoting some danger and red denoting severe danger.They will also be equipped with micro radar alongside robotic fish equipped with cameras that will determine how much fish are in each pen,determine their growth and measure environmental conditions and then allow inland communities to send an automated boat(s) that can connect to the pens they wish to harvest and then disconnect them from other pens and then drive them to the inland area when they have determined they have matured.Alternatively the central rig/hospital/research centre can be a hexagonal structure with the fish pens arranged as hexagonal struts surrounding it connected to each other and the central core through connecting walkways that connect to each other using interlocking magnets to the central core walkway and then to each other via a gate system that can allow boats in and out when harvesting and transporting goods and people in and out and when it decided that the pen must be transported via boat these walkways and gates would open up and then close when returned.Feeding can be done by robots that dive and releases a set amount of food into the pen,cranes that dump it in or irrigation systems that extend from the algae farms or storage units connecting to the exterior of the pens encircle it and then pump algae liquid or pellets into the pen via nozzles at a high pressure.These irrigation systems could also meet in the centre of the pen extend to the sea floor in a single horizontal pipe and have holes or tubules where the the algae liquid or pellets is pumped out of in very high pressure.All surfaces and robots of deep ocean fish farms can be coated in a layer of liquid glass and grpahene paint internally and externally to negate the need for cleaning,prevent erosion and corrosion of the structure and robots from the oceans acid and salty air and prevent clogging of vital components.All netting should ideally be composed of graphene to prevent it breaking.In time biosynths with them wearing an universal uniform for this sector controlled by the farm AI will do any work no human could do.One study suggested that if seaweed farms covered 9% of the worlds oceans they could produce enough biomethane to supply Earth’s equivalent demand for fossil fuel energy via Cogeneration/CHP or as a replacement for natural gas, remove 53 gigatonnes of CO2 per year from the atmosphere and sustainable produce 200 kg per year of fish, per person, for 10,000,000,000 people with it also serving as a food source for humans and can also be a means of taking phosphorous from the oceans and recycling it for human use thus alleviating strains on mining phosphorous rock.

One new method of ocean farming is the aqua pod a large geodesic dome equipped with GPS that contains a large number of young fish that guided by either currents like the Gulf Stream,built in motors to keep them on track or allow for custom made directions or automated ships and arrive at coastal areas when the fish are fully maturated for collection.Cameras can be faced inside to allow their maturation progress to be monitored remotely and can contain multiple native species in each pod and dock at coastal farms or town piers.Macro algae can be attached to the sides/surface of these domes to again recover nitrogen from fish waste and other minerals in the ocean providing a second crop while the domes caging itself is sprayed with liquid glass to prevent the build up of dirt on the meshing.These can be dropped off at one community at one end of the world while the coastal town receiving it will also drop off a pod for the community that dropped off the original.

River,lake,coastal and deep ocean farms should apply to all types of communities such as towns,villages and even cities including major ones to make them self sufficient.To ensure abundance all all towns,villages and major cities around the world next to lakes,rivers and coasts including the likes of New York,Los Angelas,Miami,Sydney,Hong Kong,Beijing,London,Paris,Bhopal,Ganvie etc. should have these farms in the wild providing native fish and shellfish with recirculating aquaculture systems in homes and in the basement of vertical farms providing a wide selection of exotic fish and shellfish.Machinery can be developed in order to collect,harvest fish from aquaponic systems,river,lake,coastal and recirculating aquaculture systems and then transport them automatically to freezers in community centres or distribution centres within the grounds of vertical farms or to vehicles to transport them to consumers with even feeding and creation of feed being automated and done on site.Bioremediation techniques as detailed later on can aid in improving the quality of the water and thus the safety for human consumption.Rivers and lakes in towns and cities should have river fish farms at different points with stable stone piers built along the edges to reach the fish with them being native ones with coastal farms also have stable piers made of stone.Fish farms and recirculating aquaculture systems should alleviate strains on wild populations of fish allowing for populations to recover even aiding in conservation efforts and allow trawling boats currently used to capture to be converted into boat houses,boats for transport or be recycled and negate the need to automate these vehicles as fish farms and recirculating aquaculture systems will replace conventional fishing methods once a sizeable population of each species of shellfish and fish have been caught as they can allow native and exotic fish and shellfish species to reared locally.It will also provide towns,villages and cities both by the sea and in landlocked areas especially deserts to have a continuous supply of fresh fish and shellfish while cutting down on energy making them self sufficient all year round and alleviate wild stocks when combined with conservation efforts.All surfaces,robots,machinery,vehicles etc in river,lake,coastal,deep ocean and recirculating aquaculture farms can be coated in a permanent layer of liquid glass to negate the need for cleaning and prevent clogging.

In short fish farms in rivers,lakes,oceans, and coastal areas should rear only native fish with exotic non-native fish being reared in recirculating aquaculture systems inland away from rivers/lakes and oceans to prevent contamination and provide variety.Fish farms near the sea should a mixture of small scale coastal farms and large scale deep ocean farms.Farms in rivers upstream from the sea should ideally be located near cities and villages based there with tidal flats providing shellfish and fish.This can be also be connected to artificial piers built on the banks of any part of rivers.Macro algae can also be grown in these on lakes,rivers and coasts surrounding the pens to provide human and animal feed stocks with them collecting wastes from faeces with micro algae also collecting this when in floating pods around the pens.Fish farms in rivers and lakes can be fed by boats that deposit the feed at set times or miniature nanotunnels coated in liquid glass to prevent clogging that pump the feed directly from the building housing the AI,receptionist,statue etc where algae is stored into the pens at set times either as liquid form or in compressed solid pellets.All surfaces of lake and river fish farms can be coated in a layer of liquid glass to negate the need for cleaning and prevent clogging of vital components.These farms will order in algae from sewage treatment plants or produce it onsite as stated by collecting it in pods.Excess energy from nearby geothermal plants can be used to heat them or even nearby miniature ones close to rivers and lakes allowing for them to reared during winter months especially in areas prone to the rivers or lakes freeze or where the fish migrate.In time biosynths with them wearing an universal uniform for this sector managed by the farm AI will maintain them all year round but until then advanced robotics and nearby human citizens will do this.Each of these will have 3D DNA printers to create any species of fish they want.All work will be automated by 2029 onwards including biosynths.

Each fish farm(deep sea,coastal,lake,river and recirculating aquaculture farm) will have separate individual personalities,legal names and avatars to other fish farms.Holographic receptionists in the lobby will have the separate individual personalities,legal names and avatars as well as universal uniform.Pontus which will be the sentient operating software linking them all together worldwide will make all government and corporate entities redundant with their headquarters turned into homes as it will manage all farms worldwide.An universal statue of Pontus will be on the grounds of all coastal,river,lake and even deep coastal farms and his symbol underneath it with this being the sentient software that links all of these and all types of fish farms worldwide together except those in vertical and community.All farms including deep ocean ones will have a small building for toilets and a small building with a lobby to house the statue,the AI and a receptionist with a landline phone and also toilets with them cleaned like public buildings with deep ocean farms and these buildings composed of graphene and other carbon fibres.Genetically altered fish and shellfish can also be reared in deep ocean,lake,river and coastal fish farms provided they are engineered to the point that they are no longer able to mate with their parent species to pollute the genepool and have unique coats or colours to distinguish them from their parent species.By the middle of the century conventional fishing will be replaced by recirculating aquaculture systems combined with river and coastal fish farms with overexploited species reared onsite of landlocked fish farms in recirculating aquaculture fish farms using the Phanes method to bring them back from the brink of extinction.The combination of fish farms on rivers,by coast and also recirculating aquaculture systems will negate the need for conventional fishing trawlers and techniques removing any human labour in it.

Environmental factors in ocean,coastal,lake and river fish farms such as pH,salinity,temperature etc can be monitored and in the case of feeding controlled on site or remotely through smart devices and computers(by researchers and community members through accounts in Demeter/the wire) with cameras built into robotic fish inside the systems or in or above the systems themselves to monitor their growth and numbers.These will switch to IR illuminator/thermal at night.Surveillance cameras at key points on all of them and those on robots,drones etc will be linked to the global database of criminals and missing persons in Athena but fed into the farm AI and will switch to IR illuminator at night with CSYS lights used to light up the area at night controlled by the AI.Cleaning will be the same as all public buildings as detailed later on.Readings from all cameras on the farm as well as drones and in pens etc,nanosensors etc will give the AI a form of omniscience.

The community will log what crops,shellfish and fish are reared in each of their fish farms(coastal,ocean,lake and river) as well as recirculating aquaculture system pens and this will allow them to receive alerts onto the latest scientific studies on them from Apollo.Pens and their netting will also be composed of this with them having covers that cover the pens during storms to prevent fish escaping.The symbol of the trident will be on all pens,structures,pools,structures,machinery,vehicles,robots etc and all e-receipts,reports etc worldwide.

These environmental conditions can be altered by smart devices and monitored via cameras remotely to carry out scientific studies.These include:
•Behavioral studies in altered environments or even how different fish relate to other species
•The effects different nutrients have on growth and well being of species
•The potential benefits of transgenics/cisgenics by playing around with genes from one fish species of fish to another or transferring genes from plants or other class of animals including micro-organisms
•How micro-organisms may react with them and one can purposefully infect a stock with a disease(s) to more accurately monitor their effects on fish and shellfish and the best treatments and preventative measures such as quarantines,vaccines etc
•How certain microbes and alterations to different environmental factors such as pH,temperature,carbon dioxide concentration,light spectra and intensities etc.may boost or hinder productivity and affect hatching,growth,nutrient uptake,mortality and reproductive health of specific species at varying levels of concentration
•Effects of environmental factors on the spread of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria and a species ability to fight these infections.
•Breeding resistant lineages to specific diseases.
•Transgenics/cisgenics studies to see the effects that GM fish have on non GM fish like showing the percentage possibility of how genes can be transferred to non-GM over several generations in a controlled environment.
•The effects of heavy metals,radioactive metals,hormones,industrial waste,sewage,pharmaceuticals and other contaminants on the hatching,growth,mortality and reproductive health of specific species at varying levels of concentration as well as levels of nutrients
•Alter conditions or genes to produce custom made flavours and nutritional contents
•Transgenics/cisgenics to hybridise different species and in time make new species of fish and shellfish.Also it could make some species larger or smaller in size. Furthermore it could be used to make algae and plankton that form part of the diet of both coral and ocean fish more tolerant to warmer/colder temperatures and lower pH which can be tested via altering the environmental conditions in these systems.
•Study coral in controlled environment something not possible in the wild and to apply cisgenics/transgenics to it in order to test this on their ability to survive more acidic,warmer and colder waters which can be tested in these systems
•The suitability of specific species on the growth of specific plants in aquaponic systems

Recirculating aquaculture and aquaponic systems will allow zoologists,toxicologists and ichthyologists the opportunities to conduct a wide variety of studies that could have profound implications for environmental science,toxicology and possibly even those benefiting human health all without polluting river/lake and ocean stocks.Irradiation,UV and chemical treatments can be applied if they have shown not to damage the fish and shellfish and their eggs in anyway and recombinant DNA from T.gammatolerans is in the DNA of fish species.Like all studies performed by toxicologists,ichthyologists,evolutionary biologists,and environmental scientists this will automated allow for faster and more accurate results allowing for data on these areas to be gathered on a global scale.Similar to home,community and vertical farms each tank will be tagged with an ID containing relevant information for use to the consumer connected to computers via software or scannable by smart devices.Also the same data from sensors in the water and atmosphere present in those again in home,community and vertical farms will be recorded in relation to aquaponic,recirculating aquaculture and all three types of fish farms for use in scientific studies and provide transparency.Recirculating aquaculture system farms should apply to all types of communities such as towns,villages and even cities including major ones to make them self sufficient.In normal recirculating aquaculture systems the pool and piping can be pre treated with liquid glass to prevent building up dirt allowing fish waste and faeces to be collected by the system and used as nutrients for micro algae used for feed creating a looped system.All studies will be uploaded to Apollo when finished via Plutus/Poseiden/Daphne.Recirculating aquaculture systems can be placed not only in multi-storey buildings devoted to them but also in the basements of vertical farms and spare rooms of homes and community farms.Ideally all recirculating aquaculture systems and aquaculture systems should be within homes as well as community and vertical farms with them and those in multistorey buildings managed by Pontus all composed of graphene mixed into plastics due to to its strength and lightness allowing for them to be on multiple floors.

The software that manages all fish farms of all types within Demeter will be Pontus with the symbol being the trident and fish.This will eliminate all private corporations that deal with this.Trading between farmed stock in farms and recirculating aquaculture systems,wild fish stocks and non GM stocks in recirculating aquaculture systems on a local,regional,national,continental and global scale of will be done again in a randomised fashion by software and fully automated and tracked over weeks,months,years,decades,centuries and millenia.The levels of resources such as water,energy,feed etc.used in all three methods of fish rearing can be monitored by software networks.These networks can also house records of the temperature,pH and camera recordings from drones over long periods of time from river/coastal/deep ocean farms and recirculating aquaculture systems from around the world for use in scientific studies etc.All cameras inside all indoor,river,lake,coastal,deep ocean,pod pens and on bio-synth fish and shellfish and drones monitoring them and environmental readings and diagnostics of machinery present in can be viewed by any member of the public from anywhere in the world via Demeter with researchers given access to control these.Also included here will be the types and amount of fish reared in each farm and yields of each species.This would apply to recirculating aquaculture systems farms,river farms,coastal and deep ocean farms.Routine diagnostics on all systems such as lighting,robots and machinery will be carried out automatically and follow an universal colour coded system – blue denoting safe,yellow denoting some concern,green denoting some danger and red denoting severe danger making it easy for the layperson to recognise the level of severity of the problem.If a problem occurs automated measures within the AI system will isolate severely compromised machinery ie. from cyber attacks will be cut off from the AI and other machines until it is solved with AI of compromised buildings from other similar buildings and the rest of the wire until rectified to prevent problems spreading.The AI and thus all robots under its control will have the latest cyber security installed and constantly updated.Automated corrective measures or those that can be done remotely via the wire for all possible problems will be built into the building AI again view able to the public.This should prevent the problems associated with the tragedy of the commons.Machinery and robots can also be composed of self healing metals,electronics and polymers to prevent them breaking down.Miniaturized versions of repair robots can be integrated to repair damaged machinery.